There are different ant control methods available in Malaysia. These methods are:
This is simply the most common method where every house keep stock of few cans of insecticide aerosol in the house.
Insect aerosols are used to direct spray on ant congregation areas or trails.
Some households might also engage pest control operators to routinely spray inside or outside of their homes for ant control.
Pros: When sprayed on, ants would be killed immediately. So, fast effects are expected.
Cons: This method will kill ants on the surface at the point in time when the spraying operation is done.
A great portions of them are untouched and very much alive. They would invade the house again once the chemical residue is gone.
Ant baiting is a more complete method to control ants. Ant bait could be in solid, liquid or gel forms.
Instead of killing ants immediately, baiting normally kills ants slowly and allows times for the feeding ants to bring back the bait to the nest and feed to others.
It is also because most ant species feed on dead insects including their own, healthy ants would feed on or carry dead poisoned ants back to their nests to feed to other ants.
Thus, other ants in the colony will eventually be eliminated due to secondary poisoning.
In actual fact, baiting use ant workers as agents to bring down or eliminate an ant colony.
Pros: Instead of only killing ants found on the surface, this method target the whole colony.
This is also a safer method as no chemical spraying is involved.
Cons: Slow action as it would take times to see the end effects. Quite selective as no one bait is effective on different ant species.
There are different brands and forms of ant baiting stations available in the market.
Some are in ready-to-use stick on casings and some are in liquid forms.
These stations are supposed to be placed either on ant congregation areas for immediate effect or areas which are frequented by ants for longer term control.
The mode of action is as stipulated on the Ant Baiting section above.
Pros: Easy to apply and very effective in controlling most of the ant species if applied correctly.
Cons: The physical size of the casings (stations) might limit its placement and numbers, therefore more effective ant control cannot be achieved.
This form of ant bait is in liquid or low viscous gel form contain in a syringe or plastic crop bottle applicator.
Small droplets of the bait are applied on surfaces where ants congregate and ant trails or areas frequented by ants through the applicator.
The mechanism on how this type of bait works is as per stipulated on the Ant Baiting section above.
Pros: This type of bait normally would stay moist longer, provide a longer palatable form, therefore give a longer control.
Because they are applied in small droplets, they could therefore be applied on more areas and on some tight places.
Cons: Not all ant species respond positively on one type of liquid or gel bait.
In Malaysia, these types of bait are meant for use by trained operators and they are not selling in the open market.
In order to bring the ant problem to the minimum, the property owners have to play their role such as:
Learn how we solve your ant problems in your property without execessive use of pesticides.